The latest image available is for June 19, 2013 as of 5:10 am PDT. If the image below is older than this, you will need to force your browser to reload this page by clicking on the browser "Reload" or "Refresh" button.
PLEASE NOTE: Data in this image is collected from DAQ air monitoring sites. This data has not been verified by the DAQ or the responsible entity and may change. While this is the most current data, it is not official until it has been certified by the appropriate technical staff. This image is updated hourly.
The image above shows the Air Quality Index (AQI) ratings for each of the NAAQS pollutants that are measured real-time and the critical pollutant that is driving the AQI rating in each metropolitan area or other area where pollutant levels are monitored by the DAQ. The critical pollutant is the pollutant with the highest AQI rating measured in the area. The image is updated each hour and covers the period from midnight through the indicated ending time.
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There are three pollutants that go into the Air Quality Index: ozone, carbon monoxide, and particulate matter. In the image above, each monitoring area is represented by a small box which is color coded to match the AQI rating for the day (see Interpreting the AQI). Inside the box, the pollutant that is driving the AQI rating is identified by its abbreviation (see the table below). At the bottom of each box is a small legend that indicates which pollutants are actively measured in that area. Please note that not all pollutants are measured in all areas or at all sites. The table below briefly describes each pollutant that goes into the AQI.
|Ozone||O3||Ozone is a form of oxygen with three atoms instead of the usual two atoms. It is a photochemical oxidant and, at ground level, is the main component of smog. Unlike other gaseous pollutants, ozone is not emitted directly into the atmosphere. Instead, it is created in the atmosphere by the action of sunlight on volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides.
In general, higher levels of ozone usually occur on sunny days with light winds, primarily from March through October. An ozone exceedance day is counted if the measured eight-hour average ozone concentration exceeds the standards.
|Carbon Monoxide||CO||Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, very toxic gas produced by the incomplete combustion of carbon-containing fuels, most notably by gasoline powered engines, power plants, and wood fires.|
The eight-hour standard can be exceeded during winter months when very stable atmospheric conditions exist.
Particulate matter is anything that is suspended in the air. It can be caused by natural phenomena or come from man-made sources. In high enough concentrations, particulates can aggravate existing respiratory problems or even trigger new ones.
Particulate matter is broken down by the size of the suspended particles. The DAQ measures or plans to measure particulate matter in the range of 10 microns and smaller (known as PM-10) and 2.5 microns and smaller (known as PM-2.5). A micron is one-millionth of a meter or one 25-thousandth of an inch - by comparison, a human hair is about 50 microns in diameter. There are several methods that can be used to measure particulate matter which involve measuring mass accumulation directly or through radiation attenuation. The only difference between a PM-10 instrument and a PM-2.5 instrument is the inlet filter.
Coarse particulates (PM-10) come from sources such as windblown dust from the desert or agricultural fields (sand storms) and dust kicked up on unpaved roads by vehicle traffic. PM-10 data is the near real-time measurement of particulate matter 10 microns or less in size from the surrounding air. This measurement is made at standard conditions, meaning it is corrected for local temperature and pressure.
Fine particulates (PM-2.5) are generally emitted from activities such as industrial and residential combustion and from vehicle exhaust. Fine particles are also formed in the atmosphere when gases such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and volatile organic compounds, emitted by combustion activities, are transformed by chemical reactions in the air. Large-scale agricultural burning or sand storms can produce huge volumes of fine particulates. PM-2.5 data is the near real-time measurement of particulate matter 2.5 microns or less in size from the surrounding air. This measurement is made at local conditions, and is not corrected for temperature or pressure.
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Each NAAQS pollutant has a separate AQI scale, with an AQI rating of 100 corresponding to the concentration of the Federal Standard for that pollutant. Additional information about the AQI and how it can be used is available from the EPA.
Place your mouse pointer over the scale displayed above to view information about the Air Quality Index, and each of the rating levels.
The actual index calculation is different for each parameter measured and is specified by the EPA. The following table shows the various breakpoints used in calculating the AQI.
|AQI Breakpoint Definitions|
|AQI Range||1hr Ozone
|8hr Carbon Monoxide
|24hr Sulfur Dioxide
|0 - 50||Not Defined||0 - 0.059||0 - 4.4||0 - 0.034||0 - 54||0 - 12.4|
|51 - 100||Not Defined||0.06 - 0.075||4.5 - 9.4||0.035 - 0.144||55 - 154||12.5 - 35.4|
|101 - 150||0.125 - 0.164||0.076 - 0.095||9.5 - 12.4||0.145 - 0.224||155 - 254||35.5 - 55.4|
|151 - 200||0.165 - 0.204||0.096 - 0.115||12.5 - 15.4||0.225 - 0.304||255 - 354||55.5 - 150.4|
|201 - 300||0.205 - 0.404||0.116 - 0.374||15.5 - 30.4||0.305 - 0.604||355 - 424||150.5 - 250.4|
|301 - 400||0.405 - 0.504||Not Defined||30.5 - 40.4||0.605 - 0.804||425 - 504||250.5 - 350.4|
|401 - 500||0.505 - 0.604||Not Defined||40.5 - 50.4||0.805 - 1.004||505 - 604||350.5 - 500.4|
|500||Not Defined||Not Defined||Not Defined||Not Defined||605 - 4999||500.5 - 999.9|